Italian painter, sculptor, writer, designer, and printmaker, Giorgio de
Chirico (1888-1978) is a forefather of the Surrealist movement, although he
himself described his work as Metaphysical. His representations of his own
dream world, sense of alienation, and juxtaposition of objects influenced
the work of artists including Max Ernst, Salvador Dali, Marcel Duchamp, Yves
Tanguy, and Rene Magritte.