Whereas the Impressionists in the late nineteenth century sought to capture color, light and shadow from the outside, Expressionists sought to capture the expressive nature of humanity from the inside out. Oskar Kokoschka (1886-1980) along with other leading Viennese Expressionists like Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, exemplified this style of painting. As a young artist, Kokoschka's works were controversial as they dealt with themes of private, inner human emotions. He painted some of his most important works in the early part of the twentieth century, often fueled by the injustices, strife, and upheaval he saw around him. Pegged by the Nazis as a degenerate artist, Kokoschka fled his Austrian homeland in 1934, ultimately settling in Switzerland.